Will India Survive the Financial Crisis of 2008?
It took $500 billion in asset write-downs to bring the more than $13 trillion-dollar American economy to nearly a grinding halt with a list of casualties that would have been the envy of any asset manager in happier times. Bear Stearns, Lehman Bothers, Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, Merrill Lynch, and insurance big boy AIG.
Naturally the American economy which lives on leverage (borrowing more than it earns) looks to be in a deep mess.
Since the economic liberalization in 1991, India has seen staggering GDP growth backed by relaxations in FII and FDI norms, catapulting the benchmark market index to 21000 levels in January 2008. The market is down nearly 50% and the mood remains apprehensive and pensive.
But despair is the time when true character is revealed, be it of any organization or individual – when pushed to the corner, its time for the champion boxer to take one more up his chin and still stand his ground.
Will India survive?
The point here is to know can there be a simple way for a small investor to instill confidence back on the street.
As markets across the globe are looking to pack their bags for a long time, in this entire mess one investor segment just might prove to be the saving grace: you and me. On 2nd April 2007, the BSE Sensex closed at 12455.37. on 31 March 2008 it stood at 15644.4, returning a cool 25.8%, year-on-year.
RBI data for 2007-2008 suggested that only 10.5% of household savings found its way into the equity and debt markets amounting to Rs 77000 crore, the rest probably cooling its heels in the banks as currency or currency equivalents (Gold). This means that domestic households have matched the $15-17 billion brought in by FIIs for FY ‘08.
Now with FIIs deciding to retreat and having already pulled out just over $9 billion from domestic markets since January ‘08, they would be rethinking about their equity allocation for India in the future.
This makes way for a huge opportunity to Indian households who by increasing their share of investment in the domestic markets can hope to turn its tide as well as their own.
As an individual investor, every incremental investment shall improve his/her long term (>1 year) returns. At the same time, incremental investment in gold would hedge him/her against any inflationary pressure and any unforeseen down turn.
50 million people in India are at present in the middle class category. This is expected to balloon to 583 million by 2025 according to a study by McKinsey & Co. This represents the real buying power.
Even if we assume that these 50 million actually only save and their savings find their way into the banking system, imagine what a higher percentage of investment will do to the economy if they decide to flirt a bit more with the investments to savings ratio.
We need to realize that FIIs are like mercenaries who will flee their camps first when the chips are down and that domestic investors are the real face of the investment community.